Built-up area

Built-up areas encompass four basic categories: residential areas, industrial and commercial areas, combined use areas as well as specific functional areas (according to the ATKIS object type catalogue). Built-up areas extend beyond the actual buildings themselves to the outer borders of the associated plot or to the mid-line of streets (incl. courtyards and residential gardens).

Built-up areas encompass all residential and commercial buildings, buildings with a sacred, cultural or social function, commercial and industrial zones including large retail sites, warehouses and exhibition centres. This category also includes buildings dedicated to administration, heath, education and research, culture as well as safety and public order. Furthermore, facilities for utilities and waste disposal, buildings used for agriculture and forestry, weekend and holiday homes as well as facilities for the purpose of national defence are assigned to this category.